ASTM E1838-2010 使用成人用指垫测定卫生洗手和擦手剂的病毒清除效果的标准试验方法

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【英文标准名称】:StandardTestMethodforDeterminingtheVirus-EliminatingEffectivenessofHygienicHandwashandHandrubAgentsUsingtheFingerpadsofAdults
【原文标准名称】:使用成人用指垫测定卫生洗手和擦手剂的病毒清除效果的标准试验方法
【标准号】:ASTME1838-2010
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:美国
【发布日期】:2010
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:美国材料与试验协会(US-ASTM)
【起草单位】:E35.15
【标准类型】:(TestMethod)
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:
【英文主题词】:adenovirus;cellculture;cytotoxicity;eluent;fingerpads;hepatitisAvirus;hygienichandwashing;hygienichandrubagent;infectioncontrol;influenzavirus;invivotesting;microbicidalsoap;rhinovirus;rotavirus;
【摘要】:Thisinvivoprocedureisdesignedtotesttheabilityofhygienichandwashandhandrubagentstoreducelevelsofselectedinfectiousvirusesfromexperimentallycontaminatedfingerpadsofadults.Sincethetwothumbpadsandalleightfingerpadscanbeusedinanygiventest,itallowsfortheincorporationofinputviruscontrol(two),virusremainingviableaftertheinoculumhasbeenallowedtodry(two),viruseliminatedaftertreatmentwithacontrolorreferencesolution(two),anduptofourreplicatestoassessthevirus-eliminatingefficiencyofthesubstanceundertest.Nomorethan100x03BC;Lofthevirussuspensionarerequiredtocompleteonetest.Theresultsoftestingwiththistestmethodmayformthebasisforfurthertestsusingasuitablewhole-handtestprotocol(forexample,TestMethodE2011).Thistestmethodisdesignedtobeperformedbyatrainedindividual,whoisresponsibleforchoosingtheappropriatehostsystemforthetestvirusandapplyingthetechniquesnecessaryforpropagationandmaintenanceofhostandtestvirus.Forareferencetext,refertoLennetteetal(8).Whereasthemethoddescribedhererelatestotestingwithvirusesofhumanorigin,itcanbereadilyadaptedtoworkwithanimalpathogenicvirusesaswellasbacteriophages.Standardmethodsforworkingwithbacteria(TestMethodE2276)andfungi(TestMethodE2613)arealsoavailable.Infectiousmicroorganismsleftonhandsafterwashingcanbereducedfurtherbydryingthewashedhandswithpaper,cloth,orwarmair(9).Astepforthedryingoffingerpadsafterexposuretothecontrolortestsubstance,therefore,hasnotbeenincludedtoavoidvirusremovalbythedryingprocessitself.Thistestmethodisnotmeantforusewithsurgicalhandscrubsorpreoperativeskinpreps.Thelevelofviablevirusoneachfingerpadafterthedryingoftheinoculumshouldnotbelessthan104infectiousunitswhichwouldpermitthedetectionofuptoa4log10reductionintheinfectivitytiterofthevirusbythetestsubstanceundertheconditionsofthistestmethod.1.1Humanskinisnotknowntocarryvirusesasapartofitsresidentmicrobiota.Handstransientlycontaminatedwithvirusescan,however,actasvehiclesforthespreadofmanytypesofviralinfections.Handhygieneismeanttoreducetheloadofvirusesandothertransientmicroorganismsonhands,therebyreducingtheriskofdiseasetransmission.Suchreductionsinthevirusloadmaybeduetoacombinationofvirusinactivationandmechanicalremovalofinfectiousvirusfromtheskin.1.2Thistestmethodisdesignedtodeterminethecomparativevirus-eliminatingeffectivenessofmicrobicidalornon-microbicidalformulations.Thistestmethodisnotmeantforusewithsurgicalhandscrubsorpreoperativeskinpreps.Note18212;Thetestmethodshouldbeperformedbypersonswithtraininginvirologyinfacilitiesdesignedandequippedforworkwithinfectiousagentsatbiosafetylevel2(6).1.3ThevaluesstatedinSIunitsaretoberegardedasstandard.Nootherunitsofmeasurementareincludedinthisstandard.1.4Thisstandarddoesnotpurporttoaddressallofthesafetyconcerns,ifany,associatedwithitsuse.Itistheresponsibilityoftheuserofthisstandardtoestablishappropriatesafetyandhealthpracticesanddet......
【中国标准分类号】:Y43
【国际标准分类号】:11_080_01
【页数】:7P.;A4
【正文语种】:英语


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【英文标准名称】:StandardTestMethodsforSilanesUsedinRubberFormulations(bis-(triethoxysilylpropyl)sulfanes):SulfurContent
【原文标准名称】:橡胶配方(双-(三乙氧甲硅烷丙基)硫烷)中使用的硅烷的标准试验方法:硫含量
【标准号】:ASTMD6741-2010
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:美国
【发布日期】:2010
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:美国材料与试验协会(US-ASTM)
【起草单位】:D11.20
【标准类型】:(TestMethod)
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:
【英文主题词】:organosilanes;silanes;sulfur;Rubberchemicals;Silanes/Siloxane;Sulfur--rubber;bis-(Triethoxysilypropyl)sulfanes
【摘要】:Thesulfurcontentcanbeusedtocharacterizeasilaneoranadmixtureofsilaneandcarbonblack.Itdependsmainlyontheaveragelengthofthesulfurchain.1.1Thesetestmethodscoverthedeterminationofthesulfurcontentofsilanes,orofadmixturesofsilaneandcarbonblack,ofthetypebis-(triethoxysilylpropyl)sulfane.Thefollowingtestmethodsareincluded:
【中国标准分类号】:G34
【国际标准分类号】:83_060
【页数】:4P.;A4
【正文语种】:英语


【英文标准名称】:Gypsumplasterboards-Definitions,requirementsandtestmethods;GermanversionEN520:2004
【原文标准名称】:石膏板.定义、要求和试验方法
【标准号】:EN520-2004
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:
【发布日期】:2005-03
【实施或试行日期】:2005-03-01
【发布单位】:欧洲标准学会(EN)
【起草单位】:
【标准类型】:()
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:顶棚衬垫;发货单(凭证);检验;抗震性;透气率;声学性质和声学现象;墙面饰层;抗冲击(强度);水蒸气渗透性;覆盖;石膏板;剪切强度;弯曲拉伸强度;灰泥板;包装件;尺寸;作标记;建筑区;吸声;定义;特点;冲击声隔绝;表面;加标签;火焰表面传播;建筑;质量控制;合格;推进过程;接合系数;试验;断裂荷载;板材;特性;壳体;测量;热阻;术语;规范(验收);稳定性(机械性能)
【英文主题词】:Acousticpropertiesandphenomena;Airpermeability;Bendingtensilestrength;Boards;Bodies;Breakingload;Ceilinglinings;Conformity;Consistency(mechanicalproperty);Construction;Constructionzones;Definition;Definitions;Dimensions;Dispatchnotes;Features;Furtherprocessing;Gypsumpanels;Impactresistance;Impactsoundinsulation;Inspection;Jointefficiency;Labelling;Marking;Measurement;Packages;Plastercardboards;Plasterboard;Properties;Qualitycontrol;Shearstrength;Sheeting;Shockresistance;Soundabsorption;Specification(approval);Surfacespreadofflame;Surfaces;Terminology;Testing;Thermalresistance;Wallcoverings;Watervapourpermeability
【摘要】:
【中国标准分类号】:Q62
【国际标准分类号】:01_040_91;91_100_10
【页数】:53P.;A4
【正文语种】:英语